Cavitation process has taken its rightful place in the development of industrial ultrasonic technology; for example, it is widely utilised in cleaning surfaces and parts, destruction and dispersion of solids, creation of fuel emulsions and mixtures, water treatment and more. The cornerstone of the ultrasonic technology is an ability to destroy connections between different parts of the molecules, which allows breaking a continuous chain. The solution to many industrial applications became possible, namely by using the method of ultrasound resonance.
Ultrasonic technology in oil refining
The purpose of this technology is to create conditions for the acoustic impact on the flow of oil and thereby achieve a temporary or permanent change in the molecular composition of hydrocarbons to press for lighter molecules. The method is based on creating a vortex flow having a maximum energy of the acoustic resonance effect on the product stream in a certain frequency range, allowing to:
- intensify chemical reaction with the hydrocarbon product;
- effectively combat paraffin deposits in tubing and onshore pipelines;
- increase the output of light fractions of petroleum products.